Movement Disorders are a group of neurological conditions that cause abnormal movements due to problems of the nervous system.
There are multiple types of Movement Disorders, and here are the most common:
- Ataxia affects the cerebellum, which is the part of the brain that controls coordinated movement. Ataxia has multiple symptoms, with the most common being uncoordinated or clumsy balance, awkward limb movements, speech irregularity.
- Cervical dystonia (also called spasmodic torticollis) is a condition that usually begins slowly and causes painful contractions (or spasms) of the neck muscles, causing the neck to twist to one side or up and down.
- Chorea is a condition that causes brief, repetitive, and rapid involuntary movements ranging from fidgeting to uncontrolled movements of the arms, legs, face, and mouth.
- Dystonia is a condition known by involuntary muscle contractions that involve twisting and repetitive movements. There are two types; Generalized Dystonia affects the entire body, while Focal Dystonia affects one specific part of the body.
- Huntington’s Disease is an inherited genetic disorder that causes progressive degeneration of the nervous system. It results in uncontrolled movements, impaired cognitive abilities, and psychiatric conditions.
- Multiple System Atrophy is an uncommon progressive degeneration of the neurological system. MSA affects multiple brain systems to cause disorders such as ataxia and parkinsonism. Other side effects include low blood pressure and impaired bladder function.
- Myoclonus is a condition known for causing extremely quick muscle jerks, which can be either in a group of muscles or in one isolated location.
- Progressive Supranuclear Palsy is a rare neurological disorder affecting motor skills. Patients with PSP often experience difficulty walking, balancing, and controlling eye movement.
- Restless Leg Syndrome is a movement disorder that causes abnormal and unpleasant feelings in the legs. It typically becomes noticeable when trying to relax or when lying down, and is relieved by moving the legs.
- Tardive Dyskinesia is a neurological condition typically caused by the long-term use of pharmaceutical drugs used to treat psychiatric issues. Signs of TD include repetitive and involuntary movements that can occur anywhere in the body, but most often in the lips, jaw, tongue, and eyes.
- Tourette Syndrome is a neurological condition that usually starts between childhood and teenage years, and often lessens in adulthood. It causes involuntary motor tics such as eye blinking, opening the mouth, or leg kicking; and sound producing tics such frequent repetition of words or phrases (sometimes silently), blurting out inappropriate words at odd times, or compulsively repeated activities like hand washing.
- Tremor is a movement disorder associated with involuntary rhythmic shaking of certain parts of the body, typically in the hands or head. The most common form of tremor is an essential tremor.
- Wilson’s Disease is a rare, genetic disorder that causes excessive build-up of copper in the body, which in-turn causes neurological problems.
If you or a loved one think you might be at risk for any neurological condition, Dr. Deborah Cantrell and her staff at Elite Neuroscience Center are dedicated to finding the best treatment solution for your individual needs.